What Is A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine is usually divided into two departments and each of the department will be divided into a number of units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that contains the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.
The types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.